African farmers

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In total there are more rock art traditions belonging to Africa’s herding and farming groups than to hunter-gatherer groups, but each occurs at fewer sites and each is more localised.

The overall number of farmer sites is far lower than that of hunter-gatherer or pastoralist sites. Almost all of the farmer traditions are painted rather than engraved.

Typically each tradition is found at between 100 and 200 sites (or fewer) and tends to be concentrated in larger rock shelters. Farmer traditions most often use white as their primary colour and the pigment is applied by hand rather than using a brush.

Many farmer groups did not make rock art. They chose instead to make theirritual art in a medium that could be more easily hidden, such as wooden and clay figurines and hut paintings.

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